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DISTRICT  PROFILE - PART I (Based on District SHB 2015 - 2016)

 1.  GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION

                North Latitude                                        Between   12 0  15’   and      1315’

                East Longitude                                        Between   780  20’     and     7950’

  

 2. AREA AND POPULATION – (2011 CENSUS) (FINAL)
   
               i.   Area (Sq.Km.) :      5920.18
   
               ii.  Population :     3936331

       a. Male Population

:     1961688
          b. Female Population :     1974643
   
               iii. Density :            665 per Km.
   
               iv.  Literates :     2773928
   
                                      a. Males (%) :         86.50
                                      b. Females (%) :         71.95
                                            Total  (%) :         79.17
   
               v.   Main Workers   (2011 Census)       :
   
                                     a. Total Workers :     1689330
                                     b. Male Workers :       1123874 
                                     c. Female Workers :       565456
                                     f. Cultivators  :       153211   
                                     g. Agricultural Labourers :       254999
                                     h. Household Industry :       106906
                                     i. Other Workers :        845069
                                     j. Marginal Workers :       329145
   
                vi.  Non-Workers :      2247001
   
                vii. Language spoken in the District i.      Tamil
  ii.     Telugu
  iii.     Urdu
  iv.     Hindhi
  v.      Kannada
  vi.     Sowrastra
  vii.     Malaiyalam
   
 3. VITAL STATISTICS:    
   
                i.   Birth :          78403
   
                ii.  Death :            32566
   
                iii. Infant Deaths :          908
   
                iv.  Birth Rate (Per 1000 Population)    
                                        a. Rural  :          10.1  
                                        b. Urban :          39.0
                                        c. Combined  :          129.9
   

           v.       Death Rate (Per 1000 Population)

 
                                        a. Rural :           6.7
                                        b. Urban :           11.4
                                        c. Combined :           8.3
   
                vi.  Infant Mortality Rate (Per 1000 Live   Births)  
                                        a. Rural :          2.7
                                        b. Urban :          16.1
                                        c. Combined :          11.6
   
   
 4. TEMPERATURE (in Degree Centigrades)
   
                                a. Plains (VELLORE)  
                                        i. Maximum :            N.A
                                        ii. Minimum :          N.A
   
                                b. Hill Stations  
                                        i. Maximum  :             N.A.
                                        ii. Minimum :             N.A.
   
 5. RAINFALL (IN mm)
   
                              a. Normal   
                                       i. North East Monsoon  :           348.7
                                       ii. South West Monsoon  :          466.0
   
                              b. Actual   
                                       i. North East Monsoon :           747.7
                                       ii. South West Monsoon :           444.8
   
 6. AGRICULTURE (Hec)            
   
                             a. Total Cultivated Area (Hec) :           202453 
   
                             b. Net Area Sown (Hec.) :           164210
   
                             c. Area Sown more than once (Hec.) :             38244
   
                             d. Area and Production of       Area (Hec.)                     Production  
                                                     Principal Crops         in ‘000’                        ‘000’ (Tones)
                                       Paddy :       51.771                          275.577
                                       Millets and Other Cereals :         21.232                           85.858
                                       Pulses :         28.611                           37.276
                                       Sugarcane :        7.296                            612.864
                                       Groundnut :         34.613                          96.847
                                       Gingelly :        0.223                              0.161
                                       Cotton(bales of 170 Kgs lint each) :         8.015                           3.735
   
                             e. Agricultural Land Holdings (2005-06)  
                                       i.   Number of  Holdings :       381858
                                       ii.  Area (Hec) :       249698.29  
                                       iii. Average Size of Holdings(Hec) :               0.65
   
                             f.  a. Important Food  Crops : Paddy,Jowar,Ragi,Bajra
                                 b. Important Non-Food Crops : Cotton,Sugar,Groundnut
   
 7. IRRIGATION
                   i. Net  Area Irrigated by (Hec.) :          83020
                                 a. Government Canals  :                 604
                                 b . Private Canals :               Nil
                                 c. Tanks  :           1355  
                                 d. Tube Wells / Bore Wells :           15273
                                 e. Other Wells :           88463 
                                 f. Other Sources :              ---
                                 Total Net Area Irrigated :          83020
                   ii.  Gross Area Irrigated :         107700
                iii. Name of the River :  1. Palar  River
   2. Malattar
   3. Koundinya   Nadi
   4. Goddar
   5. Pambar
   6. Agaram Aru
   7. Ponnai River
   8. Kallar
   9.Naga Nadi 
                  iv. No. of Lakes (Tanks) :              1355
 8. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
   
               i.   Veterinary Institutions  
                            a.  Veterinary Hospitals :                     8
                            b.  Veterinary Dispensaries :                    115
                            c.   Clinician Centres :                      1
                            d.   Sub Centres :                     29
                       e. Upgrade Sub-Centre :                  Nil
               ii.               a.  Poultry Development as on  
                            Chicks produced in hatcheries (Lakh Nos). :                      Nil
                           b.Birds sold for breeding (Lakh Nos.)   :                      Nil
                           c. Birds sold for table (Lakh Nos.) :                      Nil  
   
                iii.   Livestock and Poultry Population   
                                       a. Cattle :                  556632
                                       b. Buffaloes  :                  16103
                                       c. Sheep  :                  383270
                                       d. Goat   :                  324052
                                       e. Poultry    :                  6504799
                                       f. Others   :                  89933
 9. DAIRY DEVELOPMENT
   
                                      a. Dairies :                         1   
   
                                      b. Milk Chilling Plants  :                         3
   
                                      c. No. of Milk Co-op.Societies  :                      395
   
                                      d. Milk Production (Lakh Litres) :                        1.59
   
 10.   FISHERIES
   
               i. Length of Coastal Line (Km.)  :                        Nil
   
               ii. No. of Coastal Blocks :                        Nil
   
                  iii. No. of  Coastal Centres :                        Nil
   
                  iv. Marine Fish Production (Tonne) :                        Nil
   
                  v. Inland Fish Production (Tonne) :                     1369.2 Tonnes
   
 11. FOREST
   
              i. Forest Area (Hec.)   
                               a. Reserved Forests :                 156638.328
                               b. Reserved Lands :                       5648.085
                               c. Forests :                     162286.413
   
                ii. Out-turn of Forest Product  
                               a. Timber (Cu.m.)  :                        Nil 
                               b. Fuelwood (MT) :                        Nil
                               c. Pulpwood (MT) :                        Nil
                               d. Sandalwood (MT) :                        Nil
                               e. Soap wood :                        Nil
                               f. Bamboo (Tonne) :                        Nil
                               g. Tea Green Leaves (Tonne) :                        Nil
                               h. Wattle Bark (MT)  :                        Nil
                               i. Cashew (Tonne) :                        Nil
                               j. Tamarind :                        21,971 Kgs
                               K. Gallnut :                       5,020 Kgs
                               l. Others(Soapnut, Pungan, Nelli  Vila, Ecashmpul, Manipungan etc) :                 21,748 Kgs
                                
                            Part II          Part III

                                                                                                                                Deputy Director of Statistics,

                                                         Vellore.

 


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