Archaeological Survey of India ( ASI ) Protected Monuments
|Sl.No.||Name of the Monument||Locality|
|3||Old Mosque inside the Fort||Vellore|
|6||Jain Sculptures and Snscriptions on the Hill||Vallimalai|
|11||Masjid and two ponds in the west of the Citadel||Arcot|
|12||Adjoining building to the Masjid and two ponds||Arcot|
|13||North-east corner of the outer rampart of the old Fort at Arcot||Muppaduvetti|
|14||Rock, sculptures and caves||Vilappakkam|
|15||Rock inscription in the right flank of the Sholingar tank||Sholingar|
|16||Monolithic rock-cut temple||Mahendravadi|
The important archaeological monument of Vellore district is Vellore Fort. The fort and the building structure found inside the fort are being preserved by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). The Fort was constructed by then the ruler of Vellore, Bommu Nayakar and his brother during 1526-1595 AD. It is located in the heart of Vellore covering an area of 133 acres. It is the best exemplification to know the architectured construction of any other forts available in the entire Southern India.
Yet important speciality of the fort is the worship place of Hindus namely the Jalakandeswarar temple, a church, built in 1846, the worship place of Cristians and a mosque, a worship place of Muslims are being found inside it.
The Fort is found with five important Mahals naming the reigned Kings as follows:-
- Hyder Mahal
- Tippu Mahal
- Begam Mahal
- Kandi Mahal
- Badhusha Mahal
The key feature is the moat and the Vellore Fort.
Temples of Melpadi
Melpadi is a very historic place located in Walajah Taluk of Vellore District. The great King Raja Raja Cholan raised a temple here for God Somanathar. He raised a Pallipadar temple for his grandfather Arinjaya Cholan over his cemetery. It is named after the king as Arinjaya Choleeshwaran. The commendable aspects are that both the temples are located near the banks of the river Nuga.
The history of Rajaraja-I, Rajaraja-II ,Koperunsingan, Sambuvarayargal, Kings of Vijaya Nagar could be found in the stone inscription of the temple, which is yet another unique feature of this monument.
The Seven Mothers statues and other statues of Somanathar temples serves as a best example of sculptures found in Melpadi.
Monuments of Vallimalai
The Jain statue is a noteworthy valuable monuments of Vallimalai in Vellore District. Currently the monument is found in Katpadi Taluk. the Jain statues of 9th and 10th centuries are found in this place. The stone inscription of the Rashtrakuda king. King Krishna-III is found here. Kottaimedu and Melpadi are the historic places found near Vallimalai. The silver coins of Raja Raja Cholan was found in this place in recent times is considered to be yet another interesting part of the monumental artifacts. The Jain and Thirthangarar statues found here serves as the best example of the 9th century sculptural art.
Thirupar Malai is being preserved by the Indian Archeological Department. It is located in the Vilapakkam village limits, a road from Arcot to Kannamangalam – 6 K.Ms southeast direction from Arcot.
A Pallava period cave temple is found in the southern part. The cave is built (engraved) with 6 fully sculptured pillars and two partially sculptured pillars.
The roof of the cave is filled with the paintings of Jain Thirthangarar. The stone bed Jains and the debris of age old brick constructions are found here. A beautiful Goddess Ambigai – Yakshini image is engraved here. This sculpture is proud to have sculptured during the period of king Thanthivarman. The King Raja Raja had offered the village named Koorambadi to the Jain monks as an offering which is inscribed in the stone engravings. The protruding statues are beautifully seen sculptured here.
Mahendra Vishnukiraham rock carvings is one of the notable historic monument, located in Mahendravadi village of Arakonam Taluk. This monument is preserved by the Archeological Survey of India . It is a very ancient rock temple of Tamilnadu. This rock carvings were built during the period of King Mahendravarman from 600-630 AD. The Grantha script inscription of Mahendra Varman period ensure that it is Mahendra Vishnukiraham is named after the King Mahendra Varman.
The carvings are done in a monolithic stone in an open space is one of the special features of the monument with a couple of full pillars and one half pillar, the same temple is constructed that attracts the visitors. Only Podhigai is carved in the pillars look very simple.
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The debris of palaces , ruined moat, mosque and other constructions had become very old which was constructed by Sadhathulkhan, the then Nawab of Arcot. It was constructed with stucco and bricks in the 18th century. Most of the constructions had gone ruined. The pond near the fort, the worship place of mosque, a well near the fort alone are left now. It covers an area of around 10 K.Ms. water from Palar is designed in such a way, to reach this place and reach back to palar is one of the marvelous features of this design. It is also known as Alampana Fort.
In the 18th century Sandha Sahib and Mohammed Ali fought for the title of Nawab in which the Britishers entered the feudal in the name of favouring Mohammed Ali.
The Britishers entered Arcot and driven away Sandha Sahib who is the enemy of Mohammed Ali. The army was headed by Robert Clive. This initial success of Robert Clive led them spread the colonial rule all over India later. The building was constructed to celebrate the success of Robert Clive, hence it is called as Delhi Gate. The entrance of Delhi Gate is constructed with two storeys, one as the ground floor and the other as the first floor. The ground floor was constructed to serve as place to secure armory. The first floor was designed to shelter the warriors from where they can view the enemies and attach them using the fixed tankers in the first floor. With 4 feet high, the building was constructed with strong bricks and stucco is praiseworthy.